Complex wounds refer to longstanding open wounds that lead to a sustained and prolonged functional deficit and negatively affected patient life quality. Complex wounds produce chronic complaints that in the case of a simple wound would only be temporary and regressive after complete wound healing. A complex wound is not always a chronic one as well. It can be complex in its type and characteristics and can, but not always, lead through its complexity to complications that prevent the healing of the wound promoting in this way its chronicity. A wound existing more than six months is considered to be chronic. Complex wounds can have various depths. A maximal depth is reached when the underlying bones are exposed or involved. Complex wounds occur more commonly to immobilized, bedridden patients and develop on points that receive the greatest pressure (back or buttocks) to sores and ulcers. These pressure ulcers should be treated promptly since a delay could lead to osteomyelitides (bone infection) and other unwanted complications.
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